A search warrant authorizes police to search a specific place such as a business or residence. A warrant must be signed by a judge who first determines that "probable cause" for the warrant exists. In this context, probable cause exists when it is more likely than not that the listed places to be searched for are connected with criminal activities and that the items are likely to be found in the place searched.
Searches Under Exigent circumstances
If there is probable cause, the suspect can be arrested. In this case, probable cause is a reasonable belief that a crime was committed by the suspect. A warrant for arrest is not necessary. A person arrested has certain constitutional rights. One is the right to remain silent. The second is the right to have an attorney. (Do not waive either right without careful consideration.)
The right to remain silent
The right to have an attorney present during questioning
The right to have an attorney appointed if the suspect can not afford an attorney.
What lay people typically don't understand is that Miranda rights do not have to be read until the suspect is taken into custody. Consequently, police can question the suspect before taking them into custody. Prior to being taken into custody, anything said can be used against the suspect in court.
A plea of "no contest" means that while you are not admitting guilt, you do not dispute the charge. Arguably this is preferable to a guilty plea because no admission has been made and thus it may not be admissible in a civil suit. In Indiana and a few other states, a "Mute" plea allows suspect to remain silent as to any plea. A mute plea allows the defendant to attack all previous proceedings that may have been irregular.
A pledge of property
In most states, a trial is to be held within 6 months if the defendant is detained in jail ∙ An incarcerated defendant in Indiana can ask for a trial within 70 days. If the defendant is not in jail, he must be tried within one year.
Sometimes a criminal record can be expunged after a defendant has completed their sentence. Expungement means the records will be destroyed. Expungement may occur if there was an arrest but charges were dropped or if your conviction has been reversed. Juvenile records may also be expunged.